PRE VOCATIONAL STUDIES
(i) Clothing: Textiles play a fundamental role in clothing. Textile materials are used to make clothes that people wear for protection, warmth, fashion, and for cultural and religious reasons. Textiles are available in various forms such as cotton, wool, silk, and synthetic fibers.
(ii) Economy: Textiles have a significant impact on the economy of a country or region. It is one of the largest and oldest industries in the world. The production and sales of textiles generate employment opportunities for a significant number of people. Textiles also contribute to a country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as an export commodity.
(i) Straight stitch
(ii) Zigzag stitch
(i) Food purchasing: It refers to the process of buying food items for consumption.
(ii) Food processing: It is the transformation of raw food into edible form for consumption, either by cooking, canning, freezing, or drying.
(iii) Food preservation: It is the process of preventing spoilage and decay of food by using various techniques such as canning, freezing, or drying.
(i) Quality: Check for the quality of the food item, whether it is fresh or stale, whether there are any visible signs of spoilage or damage.
(ii) Price: Consider the price of the food item, whether it is affordable and within budget.
(iii) Nutritional value: Check for the nutritional value of the food item, whether it is healthy and contains the necessary nutrients for a balanced diet.
(3a) Crop propagation refers to the process of growing new plants from existing ones by various methods, either sexual or asexual.
(i) Budding: This method involves the growth of a new plant from a bud on the stem of the parent plant.
(ii) Grafting: This method involves the attachment of a stem of one plant onto the stem of another plant to grow a new plant.
(iii) Layering: This method involves making a small wound in the stem of a plant and then bury it in soil to produce new roots.
(4a) A pest is any plant or animal that poses a threat to human health, environment, or economic resources.
(i) Use of pesticides: This involves the use of chemicals to kill or control pests.
(ii) Biological control: This method involves the use of natural predators or parasites to control pests.
(iii) Crop rotation: This method involves changing the type of crop grown in a particular area to disrupt the breeding cycle of pests.
(iv) Use of traps: This method involves the use of sticky traps or pheromone traps to attract and catch pests.
(v) Cultural controls: This method involves using various cultural practices such as crop rotation, inter cropping, and weeding to reduce pest populations.
(i) Cocoa beans
(ii) Cashew nuts
(iv) Sesame seeds
(i) Gather Information: The first step in making a decision in a home is to gather information about the situation at hand. This may involve researching available options, assessing the needs and preferences of family members, considering the budget, and identifying any potential risks or benefits.
(ii) Weigh Alternatives: After gathering information, the next step is to weigh the available alternatives. This involves comparing the options and considering their pros and cons, including their potential impact on the family’s well-being and happiness.
(iii) Make a Decision: Once all alternatives have been considered and weighed, the final step is to make a decision. This involves choosing the best option based on the family’s needs and preferences, as well as any other relevant factors. It’s important to communicate the decision to all family members and to implement it effectively.