NECO 2023 Home Management (Objective & Essay) Answers



(i) Regular exercise: Incorporate aerobic exercises such as brisk walking, jogging, or cycling into your routine to help burn calories and reduce stomach fat.
(ii) Healthy eating: Consume a balanced diet of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products. Avoid processed foods, fast foods, sugary drinks, and unhealthy fats.
(iii) Reduce stress: Stress hormones can cause your body to pack on extra pounds, especially around your midsection.
(iv) Get plenty of sleep: Aim for at least 7–8 hours of quality sleep each night to help reduce levels of cortisol, a hormone linked with high levels of belly fat.
(v) Add fiber to your diet: Increasing your intake of fiber-rich foods can help you feel fuller for longer, which can help control your appetite and aid weight loss.
(vi) Limit alcohol consumption: Alcohol can contribute to water retention and bloating in the abdominal area.
(vii) Cut back on salt: Excess sodium causes your body to retain water, which can lead to an increase in stomach fat.

(i) Making the bed: Start your routine by neatly arranging the linens and blankets.
(ii) Dusting and wiping surfaces: Use a damp cloth or feather duster to remove dust from surfaces such as tables, shelves, and dressers.
(iii) Vacuuming or sweeping: Vacuum or sweep the floors to remove dirt and debris.
(iv) Washing windows and mirrors: Clean any windows and mirrors with a glass cleaner to get rid of streaks and smudges.
(v) Wiping down walls and baseboards: Use a damp cloth or microfiber mop to clean walls and baseboards.
(vi) Disinfecting surfaces: Use an all-purpose cleaner or disinfectant to kill bacteria and germs on surfaces such as doorknobs and handles.
(vii) Sanitizing air vents: Vacuum out air vents to remove dust and dirt.

(i) Start at the right time: It is important to begin toilet training when your child is developmentally ready. Signs of readiness include showing an interest in using the toile the day.
(ii) Reward success: Positive reinforcement can go a long way when it comes to toilet training. Whenever your child successfully uses the toilet, reward them with verbal praise and a small treat, such as a sticker or a piece of candy.
(iii) Remain consistent: Establish a routine for toileting and stick to it. Make sure to be patient and consistent with your expectations and don’t punish or scold your child if they have an accident.

(i) Dry cleaning uses a solvent instead of water, which helps to preserve the quality of delicate fabrics such as silk, wool, or sequins. It reduces the risk of shrinkage and discoloration.
(ii) Dry cleaning is safe for most fabrics. It can be used to clean items that are not safe for machine washing, such as suits, coats, and formal dresses.
(iii) Dry-cleaning solvents are powerful, so they can remove stubborn stains that would be otherwise impossible to remove with water.
(iv) The process of dry cleaning helps to remove bad odors from clothes.
(v) Dry cleaning does not take much time and the turnaround time is usually less than a day.
(vi) Dry cleaning is an affordable option for maintaining your clothing and fabrics.

The test for the presence of starch in a slice of potato involves adding a few drops of iodine to the potato and observing the color change. If the potato contains starch, it will turn blue/black.

(i) Hawker : A hawker refers to a person who sells goods or services in a public place, typically by calling out loudly to attract customers. Hawkers can be found in various settings, such as street corners, markets, or public events. They often sell food items, jewelry, clothing, crafts, and other items.

(ii)Cost analysis: Cost analysis is a method used to evaluate the economic feasibility of a business activity or project. It involves evaluating expenses, revenues, and profitability to determine if an activity should be undertaken.

(i) Co-operatives provide a platform for members to pool their resources and work together, which can lead to increased financial stability and reduced economic risk.
(ii) In a co-operative, members share work responsibilities, creating a more stable job market.
(iii) Co-operatives provide a platform for members to take advantage of the benefits of collective bargaining, which can lead to higher wages and better working conditions.
(iv) Co-operatives are managed by members, so decisions are made collectively and with consideration for all involved.
(v) Co-operatives bring together members of a community, building relationships and social capital.

(i) Food preservation is a method of prolonging the shelf life of food, while food storage is the process of storing food for future use.
(ii) Food preservation involves techniques such as freezing, canning, pickling, and drying to keep food safe for consumption, while food storage typically does not.
(iii) Food preservation keeps food safe from spoilage and prolonged exposure to air, light, and temperature, while food storage only prevents contamination and spoilage from short-term exposure to these elements.
(iv) Food preserved through appropriate methods can last for years, while foods stored in proper conditions typically last weeks or months.
(v) Food preservation helps retain the nutrient content of food, while food storage does not.
(vi) Food preservation requires more specialized methods and equipment compared to food storage.

(i) Whip stitch: This is a hand stitching method used to join two pieces of fabric together. The end result is a neat finish.
(ii) Overcasting stitch: This is a type of stitch used for seam finishing that overlaps the raw edges of the fabric.
(iii) Topstitch: This is a type of decorative stitch used to accentuate seams on garments or other items.
(iv) Hem stitch: This is a method of hemming fabric by hand that produces a neat edge without bunching.
(v) Edge stitch: This is a type of hand stitching used to secure the edges of fabric in place.
(vi) Gather stitch: This is a type of stitching used to create gathers in fabric, resulting in a pleated effect.

(i) Follow the recipe: Baking is a precise science, and it is important to follow the recipe exactly as it is written. This includes measuring ingredients accurately, using the correct temperatures and timings, and following the steps in the right order.
(ii) Use the right ingredients: This cannot be overstated. Many baking recipes require specific ingredients to achieve the desired result.
(iii) Be patient: Baking takes time and precision. Do not attempt to rush through a recipe or cut corners as this can affect the taste, texture and appearance of the final product.

(i) Dairy products such as milk, yogurt, and cheese
(ii) Dark green leafy vegetables such as broccoli, spinach, kale, and collard greens
(iii) Tofu and fortified soy beverages
(iv) Fortified juices and cereals
(v) Almonds
(vi) Sardines and salmon with bones

Saponification is the process of making soap from fats or oils with lye. It involves a chemical reaction called hydrolysis, which separates the molecules of fat or oil into fatty acids and glycerol. The fatty acids react with the alkaline sodium hydroxide (lye) to form soap.

(i) Wool is a natural fiber made from animal hair, while terylene is a man-made synthetic material.
(ii) Wool has a higher level of insulation than terylene and resists odors better.
(iii) Wool is absorbent and has a high water content, while terylene does not.
(iv) Wool is easier to dye than terylene, and the colors are brighter and last longer.

(i) Both bread and puff-puff are made from dough.
(ii) They both require leavening agents such as yeast or baking powder to rise.
(iii) Both contain wheat flour, sugar, salt and other ingredients.
(iv) Both can be deep-fried in oil or other fat to give a crispy texture.
(v) Both can be eaten either hot or cold.
(vi) They can both be flavoured with herbs, spices and other ingredients.

(i) Reduce food waste by buying only what is needed.
(ii) Store food correctly to help it last longer.
(iii) Use leftovers in creative ways.
(iv) Compost unused food scraps.
(v) Reuse items such as jars, containers, and packaging.
(vi) Repair broken or damaged items whenever possible.

(i) Kills germs that cause diseases and illnesses.
(ii) Keeps laundry hygienically clean.
(iii) Reduces the spread of bacteria and viruses.
(iv) Prevents the growth of mold and mildew.
(v) Protects fabrics from damage caused by bacteria and fungi.
(vi) Enhances colors and freshens fabrics.

(i) Communication: GSM allows family members to easily communicate with each other, regardless of their location. It enables voice calls, text messages, and data transfer.
(ii) Location Tracking: GSM devices are equipped with GPS technology, which allows family members to track the location of each other from a remote location.
(iii) Safety: GSM networks provide high security and allow family members to make emergency calls in case of urgent situations.
(iv) Convenience: As GSM is a cellular network, it makes communication convenient even if the family members are travelling.
(v) Data Storage: GSM networks can store data related to family activities, like birthdays, anniversaries, etc for easy reference.
(vi) Entertainment: GSM also facilitates entertainment by allowing streaming of videos or playing of games, among others.

(i) Print Advertisements
(ii) Broadcast Advertisements
(iii) Digital Advertisements
(iv) Word of Mouth
(v) Out-of-Home Advertising
(vi) Experiential Marketing

(i) Harvesting and Peeling: The first step is to harvest fresh cassava roots from the farms and then peel them to remove the skin.
(ii) Grinding: The peeled cassava is then ground into a thick paste using a grinder.
(iii) Pressing: The ground paste is then placed into a presser to extract the starch.
(iv) Drying: The extracted starch is then dried under the sun to remove the moisture content. After it has completely dried, it is ready for packaging or use.

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